Session 2  Jesus Christ and the Trinity

 Mosaic of Jesus in the Hagia Sophia mosque in Istanbul.  It used to be a catholic church.

 

1.     Promise of a Messiah (anointed one) through the Prophets of the Old   

        Testament:  e.g. Elijah, Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel.

            “The Lord will give you a sign in any case.

               It is this:  the young woman is with child

               And will give birth to a son whom she will call Immanuel.” Is. 7:14

2.     The Annunciation  ( Lk. 1:26-38)

        Virgin Mary agrees to be the mother of the Saviour and conceives by the

         power  of the Holy Spirit.  Joseph not the biological father of Jesus but        

         his foster father which made him his legal father.  (see also Mt. 1:18-25)

3.     His Birth in Bethlehem    (Lk.2:1-20; Mt.2:1-12)

4.     Presentation in the Temple  (Lk. 2:21-380)

5.     Finding of Jesus in the Temple  (Lk.2:41:52)

6.     His Ministry

        His Baptism by John the Baptist “Look, there is the Lamb of God.”  (Jn.1:37)

        Chooses 12 Apostles.

        First Miracle at Cana. (Jn.2:1-12)

        Many other miracles:  healing; controlling nature.

        Parables (see Mathew’s Gospel Chapter 13)  e.g Parable of the Sower

7.    Redemption

        The Redeemer needed to be both God and Man to atone to God for Man’s sin.

        His passion and death paid the price for our sins.

        He died for all humankind.

        His Resurrection was his glorification and proof of his divinity.

        His Ascension – returning to the Father.

8.     The Blessed Trinity  (three persons in one God: Father, Son and Holy Spirit)

        The Son existed before he took flesh.      

        Jesus = ones who saves.    Christ = the anointed one.   Emanuel = God among us.

        Two natures,  divine and human / both God and Man.

        John’s Gospel reveals Christ as divine. (see Examples of the Divinity of Christ

indicated in John’s Gospel in “Other Topics”)

        He is ‘of the same substance’ as the Father.

        He is one person.

        Symbols which may help us understand the Trinity:  Shamrock, triangle, the family with

             Father, Mother and child, a firm consisting of three equal partners, water in three different

             Forms: liquid, ice, steam.

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Comparing ideas from the Song of the Suffering Servant    Is. 52:13-53:12 with what we know of Jesus in the New Testament

 

“See my servant ….rise to great height”                   Christ seated at the right hand of God.

 

“Kings stand speechless before him.”                        Visit of the Magi at the Epiphany

 

“A man of sorrows and familiar with suffering…he is despised.”     And

“Yet ours was the suffering he bore”                         The Cross.

 

“He was pierced”                                                       Jesus’ side was pierced with a lance.

 

“Like a lamb led to slaughter.”                                  Jesus is our Paschal Lamb.

 

“For he surrendered himself to death and let himself be taken for a sinner while he was bearing the faults of many and praying all the time for sinners.”             Our Redemption.

 

 

 

Early Church Councils on who Christ really is.

 

Various heresies made it necessary to define doctrine.

 

Council of Nicaea A.D. 325                Under the influence of St. Athanasius

Proclaimed that Christ is one in substance with the Father.

                                                            Truly God.  (Against the Arian heresy)

 

Council of Constantinople A.D.381   St. Gregory’s teaching associated with the doctrine defined at this Council.

Proclaimed that Christ was truly human with a human body and a human soul.  (Against the Apollinarian heresy)

 

Council of Ephesus  A.D. 431            Proclaimed that :

·         Christ is only one person but both God and man

·         Mary in the Theotokos – the God-bearer, therefore

Mother of God.

 

Council of Chalcedon A.D. 451                      Three things to remember:

·         Condemned all heresies concerning Christ.

·         Stated Christ is fully human and fully divine.

·         Christ has two natures, divine and human